Kharkiv (Харків, also known as Kharkov (Харьков) from Russian), is the second-largest city in Ukraine. Population: 1,439,036 (2017 est.)
The city was founded in 1654 and after a humble beginning as a small fortress grew to be a major center of Ukrainian industry, trade, and culture in the Russian Empire.
Presently, Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial center of Ukraine, with 6 museums, 7 theatres, and 80 libraries.
Some sources indicate that the city may have been named after the Hunnic name for ‘swan’: kharka. Other sources offer that the city was named after its near-legendary founder, Kharko (Chariton, Ukrainian: Харитон,or Zechariah, Ukrainian: Захарій).
Among other names, there are Charkow, Charkov, Zakharpolis.