George Gershwin

George Jacob Gershwin; born Jacob Bruskin Gershowitz, September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.

Источник

Ancestors

Gershwin was of Russian Jewish and Lithuanian Jewish ancestry. His grandfather, Jakov Gershowitz, had served for 25 years as a mechanic for the Imperial Russian Army to earn the right of free travel and residence as a Jew; finally retiring near Saint Petersburg. His teenage son, Moishe Gershowitz, worked as a leather cutter for women’s shoes. Moishe Gershowitz met and fell in love with Roza Bruskina, the teenage daughter of a furrier in Vilnius. She and her family moved to New York due to increasing anti-Jewish sentiment in Russia, changing her first name to Rose. Moishe, faced with compulsory military service if he remained in Russia, moved to America as soon as he could afford to. Once in New York, he changed his first name to Morris. Gershowitz lived with a maternal uncle in Brooklyn, working as a foreman in a women’s shoe factory. He married Rose on July 21, 1895, and Gershowitz soon Americanized his name to Gershwine. Their first child, Ira Gershwin, was born on December 6, 1896, after which the family moved into a second-floor apartment on Brooklyn’s Snediker Avenue.

Рапсодия перемен

Он долго работал «продавцом» песен – наигрывал артистам потенциальные хиты. Потом создал «Голубую рапсодию» и стал самым дорогим композитором США. Роскошь не затмила Джорджу Гершвину глаза – он написал остросоциальную оперу «Порги и Бесс», чем навсегда изменил взгляд американцев на развлечения.

The best of George Gershwin ( Rhapsody in Blue , I got rhythm, etc etc ) (audio)